Margaret Sanger, "Phoenix Woman's Clubhouse Speech," 6 Apr 1938.
Source: " Capacity Crowd Attends Talk By Margaret Sanger, Doctors, Unidentified Newspaper, circa Apr. 6, 1938. ."
This article was found in a scrapbook in the Arizona Historical Foundation and is likely from a Phoenix-based newspaper. Sanger's speech was given on April 6, 1938.
Birth control as a method of lessening the relief burden and raising the health standard of the nation, or, indeed of the world, was the theme of address delivered Wednesday night in the Phoenix Woman's Clubhouse by Mrs. Margaret Sanger, whose efforts have been responsible for the success of the movement; Dr. Edgar Mayer of Rye, N.Y., associate professor of medicine at Cornell University; and Dr. Louis Baldwin, Phoenix, former head of the Desert Sanatorium at Tucson. They were introduced by Hugh T. Cuthbert.
The meeting, attended by a crowd which overflowed the clubhouse so that many were turned away, was arranged by the Mothers' Health Clinic, 711 East Adams street, whose board of directors is headed by Mrs. Cuthbert. Interest in the clinic, where birth control information is disseminated without cost if the circumstances of the family asking it make it desirable, was augmented by the meeting last night, it was apparent in a deluge of telephone calls yesterday, Mrs. Cuthbert revealed.
The clinic organization of which was completed since Mrs. Sanger's visit here last spring, has been made possible through private subscriptions of prominent women and organizations. Ten prominent local physicians are on its advisory staff.
Stressing the need of birth control information, Mrs. Sanger pointed out the fallacy which permits persons unfit for parenthood to bring children bearing the taint of mental defectiveness and other hereditary weaknesses into the work for lack of such information. "Unfitness begets unfitness, and the mental defectives, such as morons, imbeciles, and idiots are begotten by parents or progenitors whose blood stream carries the taint," she declared.
Pointing to the United States' exceptionally-high maternal death rate, she stated that science has gained control of all other causes of fatality more rapidly than this one. "Too many mothers die in childbirth--and every child has the right to be born a wanted child," she declared.
Dr. Mayer stressed the need for birth control information so that mothers having tuberculosis, heart disease and other ailments which would make child bearing for them dangerous, or which might cause the mother to pass along a weak constitution to the child, need not bear children.
The goal of educating mothers in this important phase of living has been brought much closer by the American Medical Association's acceptance of the idea, Dr. Baldwin said, and outlined the general public health aspect of the campaign.
Four clinics have now been established in Arizona, the first at Tucson several years ago. The others are the one here, one in Benson and one in Casa Grande. Mrs. Sanger's recently announced plans are to inaugurate a campaign to have the clinics throughout the United States subsidized through the government, in line with the general social welfare program.
Copyright, Margaret Sanger Project