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Margaret Sanger, "A New Social Awakening," 22 Nov 1922.

Source: "Margaret Sanger Papers, Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College Margaret Sanger Microfilm, Smith College Collections S70:0945 Birth Control, Catholic Telegraph, Nov. 23, 1922, pp. 1 and 4.."

Sanger drew from these notes for a speech to the First Ohio State Conference on Birth Control, held at the Hotel Gibson. Other speakers included Juliet Barrett Rublee, Eleanor Rowland Wembridge, and Jerome Fisher. For similar notes for speeches, see Buffalo on Feb. 9, 1922 and Vancouver on July 3, 1923.Sanger's speech was supplemented with quotes from "Birth Control," Catholic Telegraph, Nov. 23, 1922.

Nov 22-22 Cincinnati Ohio

Thank citizens stand.

B.C. keynote new social awakening.

Not a new idea--Nature, Plato. abortion ↑Infanticide greatest crime of Western Europe middle ages 18 century.↓

↑German 20,000 mothers↓

{Infanticide ceased only when skill in abortion prevalent abortion will cease when B.C.

B.C. key to greatest of human problems reconciling,} Democracy [Humanity Christianity to race Improvement?]

Intelligence slow growth; reproductive powers far in advance. Sentiment, development sympathetic nervous system rescue, diseased, feebleminded etc erect institutions ↑encourage reproduce their kind↓ .

Small Family 2 children} health Paris 16-132 Berlin 47-157 Vienna 71-200} health happiness leisure colleges

Best positions body politic.

Large Family} ignorance poverty disease infant mortality maternal mortality overcrowding slums--child labor

How do we meet these problems? Legislative & charities--alleviate.

Try to reduce infant mortality by welfare work after birth.

300,000 infants die}

22,000 mothers T.B. 7--4 die--heart disease kidney disease too frequent pregnancies--children too close together drugs & poisonous nostrums Inform parents how to prevent coming 300000 3,000000 child laborers (sunrise to sunset) 89% Fall River.

Prevention cruelty children Society 25,000 deaths, U.S.A. largest number.

Abortions 10000 east side [possessions?] feeble minded 400,000 -- Goddard 34,000 85% prostitutes.

Insane overcrowded.

What are we doing? quacks curing a cancer.

Jukes & Kallikaks--in every State.

Do Mothers want large families?

Read letters from Ohio. ↑When↓ should all mothers ↑women not ↓ have children?

1 transmissible disease
2 diseases of mother--T.B.
3 when children not healthy
4 at least 2 years apart
5 not before 22 or 23 years
6 at least 1 year after marriage
7 Economic.

Mothers who would rather die--

Objections race suicide Polygamy, promiscuity, illegitimacy. 19th Century birth rate decreased against laws of Nature--taking life--self preservation.

Injurious to health (ignorance destructive to health--fear).

Lead to Immorality. early marriage--cold wives--

Self Control ↑1 act a year [two letters illegible] children↓ (case of woman)--Social worker.) Breaking the law Continence!!

Holland, England, France U.S.A.

After 8 months trip around the world people ready accept practice officials of governments blind to its importance. Church timid Dean Inge, Lord Dawson, people everywhere deliverence.

Not only Individual--world problem. H. G. Wells world swarming.

You cannot measure greatness Country size of population. B.C. in 1 generation--directed feeble--diseased

Objects BC League arouse public dangers promiscuous breeding fighting women & children-- Establish clinics.

Birth Control

From the Catholic Telegraph

"Mrs. Sanger rang the changes on the deplorable conditions brought about by the reproduction of the insane, the feeble-minded, the tubercular, the very poor, and the dependant. She told touching stories of young couples struggling with adversity and babies during the first years of their married life. She described the hardships of poor mothers with large families. She said that it was cruel to deny the means of preventing conception to a woman, who does not want children; and she stated that abortion is very commonly practiced."

"As an alleged panacea for all this and much more, Mrs. Sanger prescribes a system of birth control, which would provide physicians and nurses to instruct females in the ways and means of preventing conception. She claims these as some of the advantages of her system:"

"Newly-weds could enjoy marital life a year or so without fear of pregnancy. Women, who want children, can have them when they wish; and women, who do not like babies, need not have any. Parents can put more into the raising of a few children; and 'we want a race of thoroughbreds.'"

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Copyright, Margaret Sanger Project