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17 Feb 1922
[Japanese Visa Denial]
Japan Won't Admit Mrs. Sanger, Head of Birth Control
League, New York Tribune, Feb. 18,
Sanger Tour to Japan Stirs Up Row on Lecture, Oakland Tribune, Feb. 18, 1922
Birth Control Leader Fights Japanese Ban, San Francisco Chronicle, Feb. 18, 1922, p. G8
New York Tribune
Sanger spoke to reporters after her application
for a visa to lecture in Japan was denied by the Consul General in San Francisco. The following is from the New York Tribune, with additional portions taken from the
Oakland Tribune and the San
birth control, propaganda and publicity
Japan, birth control in
racial/ethnic references, Japanese
population size, and expansionism
overpopulation, effects of
Sanger, Margaret, tours, 1922 (Japan)
Japan Won't Admit Mrs. Sanger, Head of Birth Control League
SAN FRANCISCO. Feb.
The Japanese Consulate here late
today announced that instructions had been received from Tokyo to refuse a visa to a passport of Mrs.
Margaret Sanger, of New York, head of the Birth Control League, who is in
San Francisco preparing to start on a tour of the Far
East. Lack of the visa will prevent her landing in Japan, it was
The Japanese Department of Home
Affairs, through the Foreign
Office, issued the order according to Consul General S. Yada. He said Mrs. Sanger would be
allowed to book passage upon a Japanese steamship, but that she could not set
foot on Japanese soil.
Mrs. Sanger today, not having the proper passport vises, was refused a
ticket on the Japanese steamer Taiyo Maru, sailing from
this port February 21. Mr. Yada indicated tonight there was no objection to the
steamship company selling Mrs. Sanger a ticket.
Mrs. Sanger announced that she intends to sail aboard the Taiyo Maru
whether her passport is vised or not, and take chances of being able to effect a
landing in Japan.
"Without doubt the Japanese government feels my lectures in their universities would
be in direct opposition to their theories of militarism which they have fostered in
the past and still continue to foster," Mrs. Sanger said.
Consul General Yada asserted that the Japanese government for some time
has been opposed to propaganda "of the sort Mrs. Sanger is
reported to spread." He said he presumed that was the reason
he had been ordered not to vise her passport.
A few days before departing for San Francisco Mrs. Sanger gave out a
statement here in which she said the Japanese government had decided to take
steps against "the yellow peril" by instituting a national birth control policy.
Mrs. Sanger said she had been in conference with Dr. Kato, chief of the Department of Medical
Affairs of the Japanese government,
who had been making a study of the birth control movement in the United
States, England, Holland and Germany.
"Dr. Kato told me," Mrs. Sanger said, "that the Japanese
government is convinced it must establish birth control as a nationwide movement or
at once fight a war of aggression on the next generation. Dr. Kato points out that
the population of Japan is now 57,000,000 in an area the size of
California, and that it is increasing at the rate of 800,000 a
"For more that a year I have been receiving visits from representative of the
Japanese government sent out to study birth control. There have been twenty-five of
these visitors in all, representing various departments of the Japanese
"Dr. Kato told me last week that the majority of the Japanese government were now
convinced of the wisdom of birth control and that it only remained for the principle
to be intelligently communicated to the Japanese people. It had been recognized that
overpopulation is the basis of 'the yellow peril.'"
SANGER TOUR TO JAPAN STIRS UP ROW ON LECTURE
"The Kaizo, an organization of young Japanese thinkers, modern to their
very finger tips, invited me to visit Japan. They are the same faction that invited
Bertrand Russell there. They realize as
I do that Japan with 67,000,000 as opposed to our 110,000,000 has her most serious
menace in overpopulation."
"This tremendous population is crowded into a country about the same size as
California. Added to this handicap, their increase far out totals their death rate.
Such advanced thinkers as Baroness
Ishimoto, who have sponsored my teachings in Japan and who have asked
me to lecture to the Japanese social workers, realize just what this over-population
means. It means war, nothing more or less."
BIRTH CONTROL LEADER FIGHTS JAPANESE BAN
"The entire circumstance of that government refusing to allow me to visit their
country has arisen through misunderstanding. I feel quite sure," the lecturer said,
"and when the real aim and underlying purpose of my teachings are understood by the
Japanese I am certain that my tour will not be interrupted."
"At any rate, I shall sail on schedule time and if I am not allowed to land in Japan,
I can at least go to China and India and present my
lectures there," she continued. "Those governments have placed no obstacles in my
path, but signed my passports this morning."
Copyright, Margaret Sanger Project