Margaret Sanger, "Day Book Interview," 27 Apr 1916.
Source: " Mrs. Sanger Explains Where Most Chicago Babies Come From," The Day Book, Apr. 27, 1916, pp.1-2."
Margaret Sanger was interviewed while in Chicago on her 1916 American tour. For related speeches from this tour see "Birth Control," Apr. 25, 1916 and "Birth Control (Chicago Address to Women)," Apr. 25-May 7, 1916.
What makes Chicago grow? Where do the babies come from? From what districts do the increase of business customers, the increase of population, that cause rising land values, come from?
Margaret Sanger, birth control advocate answers. She says working class women, pro rata, woman for woman, breed and bring to the daylight of Chicago three times as many babies as the women of the rich and well-to-do class.
"I am getting the figures on Chicago," said Mrs. Sanger to a Day Book reporter at Congress Hotel today. "And I am sure the showing Chicago will be much the same as Paris and of Berlin.
Mrs. Sanger lectures Sunday night in Little theater, Fine Arts bldg. Her secretary, Fania Mindell, said today that all seats have been sold, with more calls coming, and the lecture may be given in Assembly hall, Fine Arts bldg. Several hundred were turned away Tuesday night in Workers' Institute.
The big main proposition she stands for is that working class women should have the same information about birth control, regulation of the number of children to a family, that rich women have.
The Sanger woman was a trained nurse 14 years in obstetric cases and personally served mothers in several thousand births. She is herself the mother of two superb children, and has won her way against terrific opposition by force of an unusual personality.
"Of course, it is not pleasant for some girls to face the facts of birth control," she said. "But I would urge upon any wife of an underpaid man chance? that it is far more unpleasant for her to find herself burdened down with half a dozen children she never wished for, helpless, starved, shoddily clothed children dragging at her skirts and she only a dragged-out shadow of the woman she once was."
"Women of the working class, especially wage workers, should not have more than two children at the most. The average workingman can support no more and the average working woman can take care of no more in decent fashion."
"It has been my experience that more children are not really wanted, but that the women are compelled to have them either from lack of foresight or through ignorance of the hygiene of preventing conception."
"It is only the workers who are ignorant of the knowledge of how to prevent bringing children into the world to fill the hospitals and jails, factories and mills, insane asylums and premature graves."
"The working class can use direct action by refusing to supply the labor market with children to be exploited, by refusing to populate the earth with slaves."
Copyright, Margaret Sanger Project