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Margaret Sanger, "Birth Control," 06 Jan 1936.

Source: " "Mrs. Sanger on Birth Control", The Hindu, Jan. 7, 1936."

Sanger spoke at the Madras Y.M.C.A. Auditorium on Jan. 6, 1936, with Sir Vepa Ramesam presiding.

Mrs. Sanger on Birth Control

“Absolutely in Accordance with Nature”

Jan. 7, Madras

Mrs. Margaret Sanger delivered a lecture on “Birth Control,” last evening, at the Y. M. C. A. Auditorium. Sir Vepa Ramesam presided.

Mrs. Sanger said that she found that in Madras, a great deal of propaganda had been done on the subject and she congratulated them on the way in which they had developed their organization. The movement was now at a stage when it must be properly guided. She would address them on the social significance of the movement.

Birth control, she said, was the conscious control of the birth rate by application of natural means. It did not mean destruction of life. Birth control would lead to a new moral awakening. It was important for the creation of international peace. International peace would not be lasting until nations were truly contented and had solved the population problems. The conflict between nations could ultimately be traced to the population problem. There was no use resorting to palliatives to remedy the ills found in the land. The permanent cure lay in tackling the problem of population. No man had any right to pass on to the world an unwanted child.

Birth control did not mean, the lecturer continued, the limitation of families, but it meant proper control of population. The aim of the movement was to bring about a new race, a new kind of people consciously conceived.

Proceeding, Mrs. Sanger stated that there were three methods of controlling the population. The first method was continence, which was advocated by Mr. Gandhi. It had been claimed to be the best and the safest. She was not sure if it was the best. It might be the safest but not the best for all people. It was not a method that could generally be applied and in all ages. The second method was sterilization and in this mater they were in the hands of specialists. The third method was the adoption of chemical and mechanical means of contraception. If for adopting chemical and mechanical means, they should have proper guidance, each individual case should be examined separately, and it was for that purpose that they should have numerous clinics all over the country.

It had been stated that birth-control was against nature. Self-preservation was the first law of nature and birth control was absolutely in accord with nature. Knowledge was power it was the duty of all to make it a power for good. They had no right to withhold information which would do the greatest amount of good to the greatest number, simply because some persons would misuse it.

The Chairman asked the members of the audience to read the valuable books on the subject published by the lecturer and come to their own conclusions. He said that in his opinion Mrs. Sanger was the greatest woman of the world, and the greatest benefactor to humanity.

The meeting then terminated.

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