Margaret Sanger, "Chandler Speech Notes on Gandhi and India ," 21 Feb 1937.

Source: "Margaret Sanger Papers, Sophia Smith Collection Margaret Sanger Microfilm, Smith College Collections S71:967."

These notes were probably used for a speech Sanger gave at the San Marcos Hotel in Chandler, Arizona.


Gandhi --Wardha--

Now 73 has been the outstanding mass leader of India for nearly a quarter of a century since 1919--

He has dramatized his leadership by his campaign for the revival of hand spinning & cottage industries & the use of home spun cotton cloth. All a unique flow against the principal British export to India Gandhi has been a leader not only of the poverty stricken ignorant peasant but the chosen leader of industrialists, landlords, & students & professional classes. Middle educated classes, intellectuals also Indian financiers

His outstanding contribution to India is that he inspired the semi-starved illiterate weaponless millions of India to a new confidence & new hope & gave them the value & effectiveness of mass action even tho that action was passive & non resistance. He taught them in true Hindu religion to endure beatings, starvation, imprisonment, physical injuries & tortures, yes even death without yielding.

My invitation to India--

The All Indian Womans Congress to keep getting a resolution passed to place the teaching of contraception in Public Health Services in all communities throughout India--a noted & advanced step courageously out usually in any other organized womans organization in the world--Representing millions of Indian women all classes, all religions--on of the most brilliant groups of women I ever met anywhere--parallel only with the modern women of China--

Met at the Boat in Bombay by Courier from Gandhi & representatives of various organizations

Note from Gandhi--"no masters, no servants"

India a land of contrasts

The highest mountains the

Five thousand years of continuing--culture--

Every form of organized life political & social has been lived there-- & over tried out & more often abandoned-- you can find out any question you might like to know.

Gandhi left the Nat Congress as a member in 1934--

How is it he has so much influence on the Congress

Would you characterize Gandhi as one with a love of personal power?

Do you think Gandhi's astuteness is expressed in the Salt March 1930--

entitles him to political leadership as compared to Nehru

Sir Stafford Cripps proposal for the government seemed in the face of it very reasonable considering the large religious elements he had to contend with. Why rejected

Arms Act 1879 penal officers to possess a gun or weapon

Jawaharlal Nehru--a Kashmiri Brahman son of a great lawyer & political leader a member of one of the wealthiest, the flooded, Aristocratic families a geneology of poets, salacious aristocrats that should part ↑give↓ the second rate, British civil employed awarded a respect for the thousands of similar families he has come to rule--

invested the British Government was over central of India from the East India Co. in 1858 & they assumed a debt of 70 million pounds in 1914-- $1,350,000

As these developed for British inventory India became politically unified awaking to her own wrongs & desires

The British policy toward India throughout the 19th century was that India was to be reduced to an agricultural country so that an Indian market for British goods could be developed.

This manufacturing industry had to be curtailed & the production & export of raw materials in India had to expand.

This policy required the construction of R. R. roads, ports, postal & telegraphic services, irrigation projects, educational system on the English order to train clerks & subordinate members of the civil service--a banking system huge sums & British capital were [rest of draft missing]


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